Surrounded by wheat fields, a handful of almond trees and increasingly fewer olive trees, the town of Sant Guim de la Plana sits at the very heart of the region, to the east of the Guissona plain and between the source of the Sió and Llobregós rivers. Dating from the tenth century, it still retains the base of a small castle without towers. The church is from a much later period and houses the patron saint, the Verge de Sant Guillem, a polychrome wooden statute dating from the twelfth century.
The mediaeval centre still bears a lot of the town’s original layout, mainly due to its unevenness and to the access to the town being only for pedestrians. In the fifteenth century, there were 16 families living here and the town could only be entered through three gates. Over the years, the number of inhabitants has fluctuated, reaching some 250 in the eighteenth century.
Today, there are 110 permanent residents and about 50 more at weekends. All of this constitutes a framework in which all the historic elements of the old town are being recuperated and returned to their origins, based on the staging of the Living Nativity. Today, Sant Guim de la Plana is one of the few towns which has preserved almost all of its original structure and where more recent building work has not detracted in any way from the surroundings.